You are a doctor now! One of the most noble professions. You have opportunities to grow professionally and personally. But in today highly competitive and dynamic world you need the extra edge. Specialization, Postgraduate Degree or Diploma courses will provide you with that edge.The awards conferred are Doctor of Medicine (MD), Master of Surgery (MS) or Diplomate of National Board (DNB)). The MD/ MS degrees are offered by the Universities affiliated to the Medical Council of India and the DNB degree is awarded by the National Board of Examinations, an independent autonomous body under the Ministry of Health, India.
They are available in different streams of medical science such as General medicine, General surgery, Orthopaedics, Radiodiagnosis, Radiotherapy, ENT, Obstetrics and gynecology, Ophthalmology, Anaesthesia, Paediatrics, Community medicine, Pathology, Microbiology, Forensic medicine, Pharmacology, Anatomy, etc. Degree courses are of 3 years duration while diploma courses are of 2 years duration. Following post-graduation, students can opt for further super-specialization in their area of interest by opting for courses called DM or DNB (Doctorate of Medicine), or MCh or DNB (Master of Chirurgery/ Surgery) again of 3 years duration.
An MD or a DNB (general medicine or pediatrics) is the basic requirement for specialization in Cardiology, Nephrology, Neonatology, Gastro-enter ology, Neurology except for Clinical Hematology (Pathology or general medicine) etc. while an MS or a DNB (general surgery, ENT or Orthopedic surgery) is the basic requirement for Neurosurgery, Urology, Cardio-thoracic & Vascular Surgery, Gastrointestinal Surgery, Pediatric Surgery, Plastic Surgery, etc.
Family Medicine has now become an area of priority in India, and many teaching hospitals offer DNB (Family Medicine).Post-doctoral fellowship courses in Neuro-radiology, Neuro or Cardiac anesthesiology, etc. are offered by select institutions.